What is the K.I.S.S. method for fishing, keep it super simple. Beginners to fishing lack experience and knowledge of fishing tackle and techniques. The choices in rods, reels, and lures are difficult for experienced anglers a lot of the time. They ask for help and read reviews before making purchases. The choices tend to be overwhelming. This is due to fishing being a large sport with many styles or methods.
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The two main categories are freshwater and saltwater. Both use different tackle and techniques with some crossing over. Freshwater fishing offers trout, bass, catfish, and a few other species. Saltwater includes a lot of species also. To keep it simple, freshwater is the focus of the article. Some of the information will help a saltwater angler also.
People starting fishing will do best going to a pond or lake with panfish. These are easy to find and catch. These fish will develop skills for landing larger fish. You learn to cast, set the hook, and remove hooks from the fish. Learning with small fish is easier and builds confidence. After some experience, taking on the bigger fish will not seem as difficult.
Rod and Reel Combos for Beginners to Fishing
The first item needed for fishing is a rod and reel. Combos are available for beginners taking away the need to find the right rod and reel to make a match. The reel and rod need to have a balance in weight and strength.
Anglers use other terms but this is the K.I.S.S. method. A medium power rod is best for all-around fishing. Choosing a combo by the rod ensures the right size reel.
People going for small fish only need to get a light power rod. These are panfish and trout. If you are going after large fish a heavy power rod is best. Large fish are saltwater, flathead catfish, and others. A heavy rod is for fish over 25 inches and 15 lbs. A medium-power rod will handle anything smaller and the most species of fish in freshwater.
Recommended Combos for Beginners
Line and Hooks for Beginners to Fishing
Beginners to fishing need to choose the right line also. Monofilament is better for inexperienced anglers. The line is the easiest to tie, plus has other qualities that are better for beginners. Mono is forgiving with the knot and many knots can be used. The other lines use specific knots and need to be tied right. If tied wrong they unravel or break.
Monofilament has good abrasion and shock strength also. The line does more than connect the hook to the rod and reel. The bottom of the waters has rocks and other abrasive items everywhere. Mono is better than braid in those environments.
Mono stretches when the fish is fighting. It works akin to a bungee cord. This prevents the line from snapping or hooks being thrown. You can learn more about lines after getting experience.
- Light power rod uses 4-6 lb. line
- Medium power rod use 8-10 lb line
- Heavy power rod use 14-17 lb line
Watch a few videos on knot tying and practice tying before fishing.
Hooks Selection for Beginners
Beginners to fishing find hook selection daunting as well. Many of the styles of hooks are used for specific techniques. A beginner needs a simple option. The common bait holder or live bait hooks are the best. The hooks come in many sizes. The hooks are easier to remove and hold the bait better.
Plus the design allows more fish to be hooked. Some hooks lower the rate of hooking fish. A selection of sizes 2-10 is in the range of most freshwater fish. Choose a hook size based on the fish’s size. Panfish or trout use a 10-14 hook in size. Bass and other fish sizes use hook sizes 2-8.
Hook kits at Bass Pro; Choose the hooks for the species you are trying to catch.
Sinkers and weights at Bass Pro; Select the type needed for how you plan to fish.
Weights and Bobbers
The bait must be where the fish are located. The weights and bobbers are the items to achieve the placement. The weights keep the bait from floating. A bobber keeps bait at a set depth. A depth of 3-4 feet is common for panfish for trout. The depth can be adjusted for shallower or deeper water.
In some instances, a bobber is not the preferred method. Using heavier sinkers is called for in those times. The heavier sinkers allow farther casting for deeper water placement.
When using a bobber it should only be big enough to float. A bobber too big causes resistance a fish can feel. A 3/4 to 1-inch bobber works in many situations. Weights must be heavy enough to keep the bait down at the depth. Split shots are recommended. The BB size is enough. Place the split shot 8-12 inches above the hook. This is the simple bobber rig.
Fishing deeper needs more weight and not using a bobber. The bigger fish will be out in deeper water most of the time. A sinker 1/4 to 1 ounce is the common range. More is needed in swift current. The sinkers vary in types. Beginners only need a sinker designed for casting.
The six-sided casting sinker is common and does fine. The bell sinkers are okay also. They are shaped like a bell with wire attachment eyes. In strong current use a coin sinker. They are flat and will not roll. You do not need to overthink a sinker’s choice.
Lures for Beginners to Fishing
The popularity of bass fishing has beginners eager to use lures. Lures are fun to catch fish with but take experience. Each type of lure has a certain retrieve and other actions. Some lures take little time to learn while others take weeks or months to be effective. Beginners need lures with short learning time. A crankbait or spinner-baits are the two easiest to work and catch fish.
These are the cast and retrieve styles of lures. An angler casts the lure and winds the line back in at a certain speed. A fish will hit lures going slow or fast. It depends on their activity level. Using a lure means changing the speed of the retrieve until a fish strikes. The speed influences the depth also. Crankbaits go deeper with fast retrieves. Yet, a spinner-bait runs shallower the faster the retrieve.
The crankbaits have lips for controlling the depth. Longer lips dive deeper and short lips are for shallow water. Spinnerbaits use the weight and blades for depth control. The more the lure weighs the faster and deeper it sinks. The blades will provide some lift. The rounder and bigger the blades provide more lift.
A combo is recommended for beginners to fishing. The rod and reel are matched for better performance. The monofilament line is the best choice. It is easier to tie with other advantages for beginners. Basic bait hooks will allow beginners to catch more fish. The weights are to keep the bait in place and aid in longer casting. Keep it simple with the cast and retrieve lures.